A collection of resources on research ethics including:
- Good and bad research collaborations: researchers’ views on science and ethics in global health research
- Contextualizing the role of the gatekeeper in social science research
- What makes clinical research in developing countries ethical? The benchmarks of ethical research
When talking about HIV, certain words and language may have a negative meaning for people at high risk for HIV or those who are living with HIV. We can do our part to stop HIV stigma by being intentional and thoughtful when choosing our words, and choosing to use supportive—rather than stigmatizing— language when talking about HIV. Resources available include a stigma language guide and stigma scenarios.
Globally, about 60 percent of people living with HIV (PLHIV) know their status. Comprehensive HIV testing services, including partner notiﬁcation (PN), are critical links into the HIV and AIDS treatment cascade and essential to achieving widespread testing of those at risk. Partner notiﬁcation testing is a voluntary process whereby a trained provider, health worker, or counselor asks the index patient about potential exposures, including sexual partners, drug injecting partners, or the patient’s children. This handbook was developed as a technical update on successful PN programs, offering a synthesis of best practices, models, challenges, and solutions that can be used to develop and implement effective PN programs. Practical steps to implement PN were developed based on this review. The intended audience is policymakers, program managers, health care workers, and trained providers who can use this guide to develop PN policies and implement programs tailored to the country environment.
Supply Chain Compass is an online diagnostic and planning tool for strengthening public health supply chains -- it provides a quick, high-level diagnosis of how mature your public health supply chain is across key managerial and functional areas. With Supply Chain Compass findings, you can start to identify where and how to best leverage your resources to integrate and strengthen your supply chain capacity. The tool walks through 30 questions across seven key supply chain areas: Strategic planning and performance management, Management information systems, Human resources, Forecasting and supply planning, Product selection and procurement, Warehousing and inventory control, and Transportation.
This article in Our World in Data presents a global overview the HIV epidemic, presenting data on prevalence, deaths, transmission, treatment and connected impacts on life expectancy, discrimination and education.
The National Nursing and Midwifery Strategic Plan 2019–2023 has been developed through a systematic approach to determining the strengths and challenges of the nursing and midwifery systems in Sierra Leone. The strategy aims to assess the context-specific needs in nursing and midwifery within the wider remit of the relevant policies of the Ministry of Health and Sanitation (MoHS), and to translate these into strategies for the improved provision of services. The size of the competent health workforce including nurses and midwives, required to provide universal health coverage for the basic package of care is inadequate in Sierra Leone. For instance, fewer than 500 midwives are presently practising when approximately 3,000 midwives are needed to meet the needs of the population.
This framework is intended to be a brief guide for countries and implementers that are planning, starting or scaling up HIV self-testing (HIVST) implementation. It provides key considerations for: 1) preparing for HIVST; 2) implementing HIVST; 3) monitoring and optimizing HIVST implementation.
In 2015 the Unitaid Self-Testing Africa (STAR) Initiative began the largest evaluation of HIV self-testing. By November 2018 STAR Initiative had distributed 2.3 million HIV self-test kits in Eswatini, Lesotho, Malawi, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe. As a result HIV testing coverage has increased, with HIV self-testing reaching many men, young people and first-time testers. The STAR Initiative provides a strong foundation for other countries in Africa and globally to introduce HIV self-testing and allow for rapid scale-up based on the rich evidence already gathered.
Updated recommendations on first-line and second-line antiretroviral regimens and post-exposure prophylaxis and recommendations on early infant diagnosis of HIVWorld Health Organization (WHO), 2018
This interim WHO guidance provides and update on recommendations on antiretroviral regimens for treating and preventing HIV infection and early infant diagnosis (EID) of HIV.
Addressing health workforce shortage, maldistribution and performance challenges is essential for progress towards all health-related goals, including universal health coverage. Further, the health sector has the potential to be a driver of economic growth through the creation of qualified employment opportunities, in particular for women. The education and deployment of interprofessional primary care teams of health workers should reflect a diverse and sustainable skills mix; in some contexts this may entail harnessing the potential of community health workers (CHWs) as part of broader efforts to strengthen primary health care and the health workforce more generally. The overall goal of this guideline is to assist national governments and national and international partners to improve the design, implementation, performance and evaluation of CHW programmes, contributing to the progressive realization of universal health coverage.