Resource Library

State of nursing

State of the World’s Nursing Report - 2020

World Health Organization (WHO), 2020

The State of the World’s Nursing Report provides the latest, most up-to-date evidence on and policy options for the global nursing workforce. It also presents a compelling case for considerable – yet feasible – investment in nursing education, jobs, and leadership. The primary chapters of the report outline the role and contributions of nurses with respect to the WHO “triple billion” targets; the health labour market and workforce policy levers to address the challenges to nurses working to their full potential; the findings from analysis of National Health Workforce Account (NHWA) data from 191 Member States and progress in relation to the projected shortfall of nurses by 2030; and forward-looking policy options for an agenda to strengthen the nursing workforce to deliver the Sustainable Development Goals, improve health for all, and strengthen the primary health care workforce on our journey towards universal health coverage. The report concludes with a call to Member States and other stakeholders to commit to this agenda.  The investments called for will drive progress toward Universal Health Coverage and across the Sustainable Development Goals including health but also education, gender, decent work and economic growth.


COVID-19 Surveillance Digital Data Package

DHIS2, 2020

DHIS2 has released a digital data package to accelerate case detection, situation reporting, active surveillance and response for COVID-19. The package is inspired by the Ministry of Health Sri Lanka’s pioneering design of DHIS2 tracker for COVID-19 case detection and draws on years of collaboration with the World Health Organisation (WHO) to develop information system standards for case-based disease surveillance. The COVID-19 digital data package includes standard metadata aligned with the WHO’s technical guidance on COVID-19 surveillance and case definitions and implementation guidance to enable rapid deployment in countries. DHIS2 is currently being used for COVID-19 surveillance in countries around the world. 


Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) When Caring for Patients with Confirmed or Suspected COVID-19

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2020

Before caring for patients with confirmed or suspected COVID-19, healthcare personnel must: Receive comprehensive training on when and what PPE is necessary, how to don (put on) and doff (take off) PPE, limitations of PPE, and proper care, maintenance, and disposal of PPE; and demonstrate competency in performing appropriate infection control practices and procedures. This CDC factsheet provides an overview of PPE usage.


The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: An urgent need to relook at the training of the African health workforce

UCSF Strengthening Inter-Professional Education on HIV Care Across Africa (STRIPE), 2020

As recent modelling analysis highlights, the evolving impact of SARS-CoV-2 will be as a large outbreak in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) that may rapidly overwhelm existing health services. To avoid the worst of outcomes, African health systems must act quickly and decisively. Investing in health professions education will be essential to both containing and managing the pandemic and any other new infections in the future.

STRIPE module

COVID-19 Training Modules

UCSF Strengthening Inter-Professional Education on HIV Care Across Africa (STRIPE), 2020

These COVID-19 training modules were developed by the UCSF Strengthening Inter-Professional Education on HIV Care Across Africa (STRIPE) project. STRIPE HIV project faculty in Africa and the UCSF team developed these modules to prepare inter-professional teams to respond effectively to COVID-19. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines are adopted and referenced.

UNAIDS COVID-19 Brochure

What people living with HIV need to know about HIV and COVID-19

UNAIDS, 2020

COVID-19 is a serious disease and all people living with HIV should take all recommended preventive measures to minimize exposure to, and prevent infection by, the virus that causes COVID-19. As in the general population, older people living with HIV or people living with HIV with heart or lung problems may be at a higher risk of becoming infected with the virus and of suffering more serious symptoms.This UNAIDS brochure provides an overview of current recommended preventive measures for PLHIV.



OPTIONS Consortium, HP+, 2019

Governments, donors and other stakeholders in countries at the forefront of oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) delivery have encountered several programmatic challenges such as difficulty in setting targets, tracking the continuum of PrEP delivery, and estimating program costs and impact. This Microsoft Excel-based tool is for oral PrEP implementation planning, monitoring and evaluation. PrEP-it assists with planning and monitoring via six primary functions: (1) Assesses sites’ service delivery capacity and identifies site-level bottlenecks for oral PrEP delivery; (2) Monitors program by tracking monthly PrEP initiation and continuation rates; (3) Helps with national or subnational target-setting, allowing users to generate and analyze numerical targets based on population-based coverage or service delivery capacity; (4) Forecasts drug supply needs based on targets or program implementation: (5) Estimates program costs based on targets or program implementation; and (6) Examines a program’s projected impact (number of HIV infections averted) based on targets or past delivery. Downloads include a blank worksheet and a populated, example worksheet, the PrEP-it User Guide Version 1.0 accompanies the PrEP-it tool, as well as PrEP-it: Frequently Asked Questions

WHO Policy Brief

Update of recommendations on first- and second-line antiretroviral regimens

World Health Organization (WHO), 2019

The 2019 updated guidelines provide the latest recommendations based on rapidly evolving evidence of safety and efficacy and programmatic experience using dolutegravir (DTG) and efavirenz (EFV) 400 mg in pregnant women and people coinfected with TB. These guidelines provide further reassurance of DTG as the preferred antiretroviral (ARV) drug in first- and second-line regimens due to the declining estimate of neural tube defect risk and observed efficacy. This reassurance comes at a time when pretreatment resistance to non-nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI) is increasing in low- and middle-income countries, creating demand for access to alternative non-NNRTI ARV drugs.

Environmental cleaning

Best Practices for Environmental Cleaning in Healthcare Facilities: in Resource-Limited Settings

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2019

This document provides guidance on best practices for environmental cleaning procedures and programs in healthcare facilities in resource-limited settings. It was developed as a collaboration between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Infection Control Africa Network (ICAN). Best Practices for Environmental Cleaning in Healthcare Facilities in Resource-Limited Settings is a publication of the Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion in the National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases within the CDC and the Education Working Group of the Infection Control Africa Network.

WHO Icon

Analysis and Use of Health Facility Data

World Health Organization, 2019

This toolkit is a set of resources to optimize the analysis and use of data collected through routine health facility information systems, also known as health management information systems (HMIS). The comprehensive toolkit includes a series of integrated modules shown below. Modules can be used individually or together, according to country needs. Each module contains a facility analysis guide with a core set of indicators and dashboards, an accompanying exercise book, and machine-readable configuration packages. Facility analysis guides can be adapted for use with different software packages. DHIS2 configuration packages are included.